Information to Gather Before Appointing a Real Estate Attorney

Real estate attorney is basically an authorized legal advisor or representative who can help you sell or purchase a particular property. The property may include any tangible ground, homes, land, furniture or fixtures. Others may include organizations, huge shopping malls, hotels, restaurants and many such properties. Real estate attorney deals in issues including partnership contracts and transactions, economic failure or bankruptcy, licensing agreements, business leases and several other issues of similar nature. Are you facing difficulties in dealing with a specific asset or land? Your difficulties have now come to an end with the growing number of experienced lawyers. You can now appoint a good real estate attorney to deal effectively with your property issues. If you have made a choice of appointing a lawyer to put a full stop to your problems, you have made the right decision. Hiring a real estate attorney will save you from a lot of time consuming things like paperwork.

Once you have made a choice of appointing a real estate attorney, the question that arises as to what to do in order to select the best real estate attorney. This article will bring to your knowledge the answer to this question. With growing economy, realty business is also evolving with time and the need and demand of a real estate attorney is also increasing as he is the only person who can guide you rightly to deal with property related issues. Some people may prefer consulting a professional adviser without realizing the fact that these advisers do not have the legal expertise required like a real estate attorney. A real estate attorney can better deal with property issues as compared to professional advisers.

Best Attorney will not only provide you with legal advices but also support you and guide you with property related problems that you may face in the coming years. Through the process of finding an appropriate lawyer, take advice and assistance of your close links, neighbors and relatives. Refer to people who have personally experienced similar situation and can provide you with useful and valid information. Other possible and easily accessible source is the internet. Everything can easily be found over internet including a good Attorney. Almost, all law companies have an official site. These websites contain all the required data about the attorneys available in their company. You can draw down the names of the lawyers suitable for your case and arrange an appointment via telephone or email. This information can also be obtained from the bar association located in your town. There is some information that is essential to obtain from an attorney before making your final hiring decision.

Some inquiries that are required to be made are discussed as follows:

-Question regarding their past work experience in this field and the kind of issues that they had dealt with in their past cases.
-Verify his education and status.
-Inquire about the work environment in their firm and the resources that he uses to resolve a problem.
-As you will be paying him for his time and expertise, it is important for you to know about his availability. Make sure that he is able to give you sufficient time.
-Last, but not the least, inquire about the fees he charges and evaluate whether the amount he is charging is worth the services that he is offering you.

Obtaining the above information will help you appoint a good and an experienced real estate attorney for all your property or land related problems.

History of Educational Technology

There is no written evidence which can tell us exactly who has coined the phrase educational technology. Different educationists, scientists and philosophers at different time intervals have put forwarded different definitions of Educational Technology. Educational technology is a multifaceted and integrated process involving people, procedure, ideas, devices, and organization, where technology from different fields of science is borrowed as per the need and requirement of education for implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems involved in all aspects of human learning.

Educational technology, broadly speaking, has passed through five stages.

The first stage of educational technology is coupled with the use of aids like charts, maps, symbols, models, specimens and concrete materials. The term educational technology was used as synonyms to audio-visual aids.

The second stage of educational technology is associated with the ‘electronic revolution’ with the introduction and establishment of sophisticated hardware and software. Use of various audio-visual aids like projector, magic lanterns, tape-recorder, radio and television brought a revolutionary change in the educational scenario. Accordingly, educational technology concept was taken in terms of these sophisticated instruments and equipments for effective presentation of instructional materials.

The third stage of educational technology is linked with the development of mass media which in turn led to ‘communication revolution’ for instructional purposes. Computer-assisted Instruction (CAI) used for education since 1950s also became popular during this era.

The fourth stage of educational technology is discernible by the individualized process of instruction. The invention of programmed learning and programmed instruction provided a new dimension to educational technology. A system of self-learning based on self-instructional materials and teaching machines emerged.

The latest concept of educational technology is influenced by the concept of system engineering or system approach which focuses on language laboratories, teaching machines, programmed instruction, multimedia technologies and the use of the computer in instruction. According to it, educational technology is a systematic way of designing, carrying out and evaluating the total process of teaching and learning in terms of specific objectives based on research.

Educational technology during the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age

Educational technology, despite the uncertainty of the origin of the term, can be traced back to the time of the three-age system periodization of human prehistory; namely the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age.

Duringthe Stone Age, ignition of fire by rubbing stones, manufacture of various handmade weapon and utensils from stones and clothing practice were some of the simple technological developments of utmost importance. A fraction of Stone Age people developed ocean-worthy outrigger canoe ship technology to migrate from one place to another across the Ocean, by which they developed their first informal education of knowledge of the ocean currents, weather conditions, sailing practice, astronavigation, and star maps. During the later Stone Age period (Neolithic period),for agricultural practice, polished stone tools were made from a variety of hard rocks largely by digging underground tunnels, which can be considered as the first steps in mining technology. The polished axes were so effective that even after appearance of bronze and iron; people used it for clearing forest and the establishment of crop farming.

Although Stone Age cultures left no written records, but archaeological evidences proved their shift from nomadic life to agricultural settlement. Ancient tools conserved in different museums, cave paintings like Altamira Cave in Spain, and other prehistoric art, such as the Venus of Willendorf, Mother Goddess from Laussel, France etc. are some of the evidences in favour of their cultures.

Neolithic Revolution of Stone Age resulted into the appearance of Bronze Age with development of agriculture, animal domestication, and the adoption of permanent settlements. For these practices Bronze Age people further developed metal smelting, with copper and later bronze, an alloy of tin and copper, being the materials of their choice.

The Iron Age people replaced bronze and developed the knowledge of iron smelting technology to lower the cost of living since iron utensils were stronger and cheaper than bronze equivalents. In many Eurasian cultures, the Iron Age was the last period before the development of written scripts.

Educational technology during the period of Ancient civilizations

According to Paul Saettler, 2004, Educational technology can be traced back to the time when tribal priests systematized bodies of knowledge and ancient cultures invented pictographs or sign writing to record and transmit information. In every stage of human civilization, one can find an instructional technique or set of procedures intended to implement a particular culture which were also supported by number of investigations and evidences. The more advanced the culture, the more complex became the technology of instruction designed to reflect particular ways of individual and social behaviour intended to run an educated society. Over centuries, each significant shift in educational values, goals or objectives led to diverse technologies of instruction.

The greatest advances in technology and engineering came with the rise of the ancient civilizations. These advances stimulated and educated other societies in the world to adopt new ways of living and governance.

The Indus Valley Civilization was an early Bronze Age civilization which was located in the northwestern region of the Indian Subcontinent. The civilization was primarily flourished around the Indus River basin of the Indus and the Punjab region, extending upto the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, (most of the part is under today’s Pakistan and the western states of modern-day India as well as some part of the civilization extending upto southeastern Afghanistan, and the easternmost part of Balochistan, Iran).

There is a long term controversy to be sure about the language that the Harappan people spoke. It is assumed that their writing was at least seems to be or a pictographic script. The script appears to have had about 400 basic signs, with lots of variations. People write their script with the direction generally from right to left. Most of the writing was found on seals and sealings which were probably used in trade and official & administrative work.

Harappan people had the knowledge of the measuring tools of length, mass, and time. They were the first in the world to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.

In a study carried out by P. N. Rao et al. in 2009, published in Science, computer scientists found that the Indus script’s pattern is closer to that of spoken words, which supported the proposed hypothesis that it codes for an as-yet-unknown language.

According to the Chinese Civilization, some of the major techno-offerings from China include paper, early seismological detectors, toilet paper, matches, iron plough, the multi-tube seed drill, the suspension bridge, the wheelbarrow, the parachute, natural gas as fuel, the magnetic compass, the raised-relief map, the blast furnace, the propeller, the crossbow, the South Pointing Chariot, and gun powder. With the invent of paper they have given their first step towards developments of educational technology by further culturing different handmade products of paper as means of visual aids.

Ancient Egyptian language was at one point one of the longest surviving and used languages in the world. Their script was made up of pictures of the real things like birds, animals, different tools, etc. These pictures are popularly called hieroglyph. Their language was made up of above 500 hieroglyphs which are known as hieroglyphics. On the stone monuments or tombs which were discovered and rescued latter on provides the evidence of existence of many forms of artistic hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt.

Educational technology during Medieval and Modern Period

Paper and the pulp papermaking process which was developed in China during the early 2nd century AD, was carried to the Middle East and was spread to Mediterranean by the Muslim conquests. Evidences support that a paper mill was also established in Sicily in the 12th century. The discovery of spinning wheel increased the productivity of thread making process to a great extent and when Lynn White added the spinning wheel with increasing supply of rags, this led to the production of cheap paper, which was a prime factor in the development of printing technology.

The invention of the printing press was taken place in approximately 1450 AD, by Johannes Gutenburg, a German inventor. The invention of printing press was a prime developmental factor in the history of educational technology to convey the instruction as per the need of the complex and advanced-technology cultured society.

In the pre-industrial phases, while industry was simply the handwork at artisan level, the instructional processes were relied heavily upon simple things like the slate, the horn book, the blackboard, and chalk. It was limited to a single text book with a few illustrations. Educational technology was considered synonymous to simple aids like charts and pictures.

The year 1873 may be considered a landmark in the early history of technology of education or audio-visual education. An exhibition was held in Vienna at international level in which an American school won the admiration of the educators for the exhibition of maps, charts, textbooks and other equipments.

Maria Montessori (1870-1952), internationally renowned child educator and the originator of Montessori Method exerted a dynamic impact on educational technology through her development of graded materials designed to provide for the proper sequencing of subject matter for each individual learner. Modern educational technology suggests many extension of Montessori’s idea of prepared child centered environment.

In1833, Charles Babbage’s design of a general purpose computing device laid the foundation of the modern computer and in 1943, the first computing machine as per hi design was constructed by International Business Machines Corporation in USA. The Computer Assisted instruction (CAI) in which the computer functions essentially as a tutor as well as the Talking Type writer was developed by O.K. Moore in 1966. Since 1974, computers are interestingly used in education in schools, colleges and universities.

In the beginning of the 19th century, there were noteworthy changes in the field of education. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), right from its start of school broadcasts in 1920 had maintained rapid pace in making sound contribution to formal education. In the USA, by 1952, 20 states had the provision for educational broadcasting. Parallel to this time about 98% of the schools in United Kingdom were equipped with radios and there were regular daily programmes.

Sidney L. Pressey, a psychologist of Ohio state university developed a self-teaching machine called ‘Drum Tutor’ in 1920. Professor Skinner, however, in his famous article ‘Science of Learning and art of Teaching’ published in 1945 pleaded for the application of the knowledge derived from behavioral psychology to classroom procedures and suggested automated teaching devices as means of doing so.

Although the first practical use of Regular television broadcasts was in Germany in 1929 and in 1936 the Olympic Games in Berlin were broadcasted through television stations in Berlin, Open circuit television began to be used primarily for broadcasting programmes for entertainment in 1950. Since 1960, television is used for educational purposes.

In 1950, Brynmor, in England, used educational technological steps for the first time. It is to be cared that in 1960, as a result of industrial revolution in America and Russia, other countries also started progressing in the filed of educational technology. In this way, the beginning of educational technology took place in 1960 from America and Russia and now it has reached England, Europe and India.

During the time of around 1950s, new technocracy was turning it attraction to educations when there was a steep shortage of teachers in America and therefore an urgent need of educational technology was felt. Dr. Alvin C. Eurich and a little later his associate, Dr. Alexander J. Stoddard introduced mass production technology in America.

Team teaching had its origin in America in the mid of 1950′s and was first started in the year 1955 at Harvard University as a part of internship plan.

In the year 1956, Benjamin Bloom from USA introduced the taxonomy of educational objectives through his publication, “The Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, The Classification of Educational Goals, Handbook I: Cognitive Domain”.

In 1961, Micro teaching technique was first adopted by Dwight W. Allen and his co-workers at Stanford University in USA.

Electronics is the main technology being developed in the beginning of 21st century. Broadband Internet access became popular and occupied almost all the important offices and educational places and even in common places in developed countries with the advantage of connecting home computers with music libraries and mobile phones.

Today’s classroom is more likely to be a technology lab, a room with rows of students using internet connected or Wi-Fi enabled laptops, palmtops, notepad, or perhaps students are attending a video conferencing or virtual classroom or may have been listening to a podcast or taking in a video lecture. Rapid technological changes in the field of educational have created new ways to teach and to learn. Technological changes also motivated the teachers to access a variety of information on a global scale via the Internet, to enhance their lessons as well as to make them competent professional in their area of concern. At the same time, students can utilize vast resources of the Internet to enrich their learning experience to cope up with changing trend of the society. Now a days students as well teachers are attending seminars, conferences, workshops at national and international level by using the multimedia techno-resources like PowerPoint and even they pursue a variety of important courses of their choice in distance mode via online learning ways. Online learning facility has opened infinite number of doors of opportunities for today’s learner to make their life happier than ever before.

How to Earn Money Online

Are you looking for ways on how to earn money online? Do you even believe that earning extra income online is possible? If not, you should definitely read on to realize that yes, indeed, you can earn extra income online and you can even earn more than what you can even ever imagine.

There are several ways on how you can earn money online. The first and most important thing that you should do and consider is to think about what you are actually good at and in what field could you actually excel in. By knowing what your skills and interests are and by being able to focus on the types of jobs that require this from you, you can definitely earn extra income.

Working online is very much easy. You do not need to leave the comfort of your own home, you are not required to report for work and the only thing that is required of you is to deliver and meet your deadline and of course submit quality work and output.

If you are able to meet these basic standards, you can most definitely earn extra money online. What’s more is the fact that you can even be you self’s own boss and would not have to report to anyone and feel that your effort isn’t very much appreciated.

The good news is, working online could also provide you with a great deal of money making opportunities even more than what you can ever imagine or hope to earn in your lifetime.

Discover How To Boost Trade With E-Commerce Business 2011 Trends

The e-commerce business 2011 trends have moved on significantly from last year. As technology and consumer habits are constantly evolving, the trends also change. If you want to ensure that your business stays ahead of the competition, and goes from strength to strength, it is important to keep up to date with the latest marketing concepts. Although the internet is still at the forefront of advertising in terms of e-commerce, there are new tools, or changes to old tools, that you should be aware of.

More institutions and businesses now take advantage of Twitter. Although the service has been around for a couple of years, it is only in the last twelve months then it has become a must have tool in the arsenal of online marketers. No matter what service or product you offer through your website, Twitter should form an important component of your advertising campaign, it is a simple way to reach out to a massive audience.

Social media continues to be a very useful concept. If you were to integrate certain applications into your portal, you can keep your potential market informed of the latest events. This year, social media is playing a much more important role in the strategies of online marketing campaigns. What's more, social networking is an extremely low-cost activity, this is appealing to both established firms and new startups. You can boost turnover while keeping the advertising budget low.

In these times of a weak economy, more consumers think carefully about price. You can use social media to highlight how affordable your services or products are, and make changes to stay competitive through the year.

Your e-commerce business should make full use of video to reach out to the public. It can now be said that the majority of homes in the country have access to fast broadband connections. Those portals on which videos can be hosted continue to draw in millions of viewers each day. You can use this trend to capture new customers, although you will need to ensure that you upload videos that are informative, interesting, and fun.

It is fundamental to stay on top of the latest search engine optimization (SEO) concepts and techniques. This is a topic that is constantly evolving; the algorithms used by the search engines are not the same today as they were this time last year. If you have not updated your keywords and other dynamics there is every chance your pages would've dropped in ranking over time.

Email marketing still has a place in today's world of e-commerce, but sending out mundane monotonous emails is of no use today. You need to create personalized emails that are more likely to generate an interest in the minds of potential customers. Consider what terminology and images can help to arouse curiosity.

To be successful in e-commerce business today requires a broad understanding of the habits and trends of the market. Social media and personal approaches are the best way of ensuring continuous profit in the months ahead.